Having climbed from the age of 5, conquered all high peaks above 8,000 m on the globe, Reinhold Messner is considered the greatest climber nowadays.
No peak on earth has ever recorded this 72-year-old Italian adventurer. Here are special things about him.
The first person climbed all high mountains above 8,000 m
The world has 14 high peaks above 8,000 m – known as “dead zone”, including Everest, Manaslu, Cho Oyu, Annapurna, etc. 30 years ago (October 16, 1986), at the age of 42, Reinhold Messner has returned become the first person to conquer all those heights.
Not using oxygen tanks
Reinhold has long been an adventurous mountain climber, no satellite phones, no wires, no tents and no outside support. He said that explorers with support tools are insulting and destroying nature.
By 1978, Reinhold and Peter Habeler became the first to climb Mount Everest without oxygen tanks, despite the recommendations of dozens of doctors and experts that this was impossible.
Climbing for the first time at 5 years old
At the age when many other children are still afraid of the dark, Reinhold is testing the Dolomites in northern Italy, like the Geisler tops 3,350 m high near Brixen – his hometown.
Out of his 20s, he and his younger brother, Gunther, were among the best climbers in Europe. The most dangerous journey that Reinhold made was at Heiligkreuzkofel with a 600-meter high cliff. Back then, Reinhold was 23 and Gunther was 21 years old.
The first to climb Mount Everest alone
In 1980, Reinhold prepared everything and began his climbing trip and returned after 4 days. “Climbing Mount Everest alone is the hardest challenge I’ve ever made,” he said in The Guardian interview in 2003.